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Myanmar's Ice Mountains

Himalaya Outdoor Travel  in Kachin State

Myanmar & Mountains of south East Asia.
The climate and topology of Myanmar / Burma are very diverse from tropical to temperate and icy regions with snow and glaciers of the Myanmar Himalayas. But the most famous mountain in Myanmar is east of Bagan in central Myanmar that is Mount Popa the abode of the Nats, an extinct volcano.

Myanmar glaciers start around 2000 km north of the equator in Kachin State and not many people saw them with their own eyes that would be an ideal winter sport spot in Southeast Asia actually the only one in ASEAN but as usual the government guys sit around in Naypyidaw and wait that maybe Buddha descends from Nirvana and pours some money, what about some work?

All other temperature zones in between are also available in North Myanmar and Kachin Stae . Tourist activities are fishing and boating trips and elephant rides in the national parks and wildlife reserves pristine plus  trekking adventure . Putao trekking is the most northern destination for touristic activities.

Myanmar mountain ranges are extensions of the Tibetan Himalayas part of the border with India and China.












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​North Myanmar is also known as "Upper Myanmar" actually this is the term the British used during colonial times.
This is mainly Kachin State from Myitkyina all the way up to the icy peaks of the Myanmar Himalaya which are extending down from Tibet a tough and challengungtravel challenge unless taking the aircraft to Putao.
The plains of Hkamti Long or Putao are closely surrounded on three sides by the high Myanmar Himalaya mountains with snow on top getting plenty of water from innumerable streams it is not a very pleasant place in summer.

The rainfall in northern Myanmar over half a year averages about 400 cm and the humidity is almost always above 75 per cent saturation up to over 90 per cent the average maximum temperature for the same period is about 30 degree centigrade this results into a hot and sticky marsh land around Putao, the former Fort Hertz.

But the fine Myanmar winters of this northern part plus great views of the mountains glazed with snow are some compensation for the many problems in the rainy season.

This is Myanmar Kachin State and with the Kachin already the British had a hard time. As with other people of the mountains they are tough tribes and had already plenty of struggle and wars in the past now no more its more civilized and quiet now.

The pristine places of northern Myanmar are for nature lover and adventure tours. Here its real and far away from the normal. This are the mountains which supply the water for the famous Irrawaddy or Ayeyarwady river

Myanmar mountains
Myanmar mountains trekking camp
I read this book from Mr Kingdon-Ward and it is by far the best information souce of north Myanmar's icy mountains..

Mount Popa is the most famous peak in Burma

Popa Mountain is an extinct volcano near Bagan below is a Photo in central Myanmar.
Mount Popa
The high ranges with peaks of up to 5881 meters (Hkakabo Razi) are offshoots of the Tibetan Himalayas, perfect for adventure tours and trekking.

They have been explored already by the colonial British when several botanists were searching for the sources of the Irrawaddy but finally gave it up because there were too many.

Actually, there are three versions of peaks first are the high ones in Kachin State north of Myitkyina another is east of Bagan in central Myanmar with Mount Popa which is also known as "Abode of the Nats", Mount Popa is an extinguished volcano popping out from the flat land of the central plains.


The other rather low hill ranges are in Shan State which reminds to the Alpine foothills of Austria with Lake Inle in the center average height is around thousand meters.

Hkakabo Razi
Here's a virtual shop for outdoor mountain enthusiasts that provides warm mountain clothing that offers only a range of value-for-money items such as waterproof jackets, running pants and more for men, women and kids.

Including outdoor gear and clothing for hiking, skiing and mountaineering, as well as outdoor technical clothing and equipment, waterproof down insulation and a wide range of comfortable sleeping bags. Since winter is on in many parts of the world, warm men's footwear is needed for women and children ideal for mountain trekking.

Himalaya Mountain trekking Myanmar Style.

Myanmar mountain trekking
mountain village living
The mountainous north of Kachin State is an offshoot of the Tibetan Himalaya with almost 6000
meters height including snow ice and glaciers. The topography and environment is very similar to
the alps including Hkakabo Razi compared to Mont Blanc in the Alps.














Naturally there are plenty of campgrounds in the Burmese mountains so it's worth to do some planning since the campgrounds are rather rough and not organised its just the plain nature but if  you like rough outdoor travel you never will be disappointed. On the photo left above you can see Hkakabo Razi the highest peak in ASEAN south east Asia.

The main differences are in Myanmar / Burma they have some elephants and bears around that is genuine ASEAN outdoor travel. Living in the Myanmar mountains this could also be considered as alternative green holiday.

Naturally there are plenty of natural DIY campground in Myanmar so it's worth to do some planning since the campgrounds are rather rough and not organised its just the plain nature but if you like it rough and do it yourselves you never been disappointed. If you come through Thailand it could be useful to have a look at the link above.

Myanmar has many mountains but two are famous.

Although Myanmar has countless high mountains with up to 6000 meters height but only two of
them are real famous in 2018 this are an extinct volcano which is Mount Popa.

Mount Popa (the abode of the Nats) east of Bagan and Mount Hkakabo Razi with almost 6000 m
in the Myanmar Himalayas of the north pictured above.
Visiting southeast Asian icy mountains with large glaciers and everything needed for a cold natural Myanmar outdoor environment can be experienced. The first (we know) who expored the area was Mr. Kingdon
Ward an English botanist during colonial time. See the book in the section indicated below.
Buddhist mountain shrine
myanmar mountain trekking (1)

Myanmar Burma Outdoor Travel

Mountain Photos
Burma is an ideal outdoor and recreational destination a bit primitive but natural and beautiful. Here are the highest peaks in south east Asia .

Although there are strong attempts by Chinese pochers to destroy the nature cut trees and get them over the border kill the wildlive and use them for useless often even poissonous medicine etc.

In the last 7 years already about 7 million Chinese people settled from Mandalay northwards and are strongly involved to feed their god which is the money. Anyway during colonial times many British enjoyed the beauty of the Burmese mountains and slowly a new wave of nature loving tourists are coming back to north Myanmar.  
  1. Myanmar outdoor travel
  2. Myanmar outdoor discovery
  3. Myanmar outdoor travel (2)
  4. Myanmar outdoor travel (2)
Great pristine outdoors are waiting in Myanmar the former Burma so take your hiking equipment camping gear tents and move on. Great places to get away from your daily routines are not far away. If you are out for camping and hiking adventure its worth it to think a little bit first to avoid a nightmare later.

If you know the area you intend to go for your outdoor travel its somehow easy but it is a good idea to go through area maps again and learn how to use a compass. One basic start to do your outdoor travel is never travel alone, only one person is a easy pray for mad people out there and if you have a accident there might be someone needed to help.

Check for good camping gear cloth and tents since every trip into the outdoors requires to carry certain basic items you can easily find in any outdoors store. Outdoor backpacks camping, clothing and equipment. It depends where you go on your trek and how long you are out there plus how is the terrain. Is it forest is it dessert, are mountains to climb on your outdoor adventure trip are there rivers to cross and so on. So think first and act after rafting in the brown waters is very popular among foreign and local tourists, a good example is Umphang with river rafting in the wild waters of the jungle mountains at the Myanmar Thailand border.

If you want to do it on your own take some water food and learn how to handle the compass in relation to the map. A first aid kit wont hurt flashlight pocket knife or similar waterproof matches and a lighter are a must on outdoor travel. One of the most important items on your outdoor adventure travel are good shoes boots or other. If you like fishing take some fishing gear with you outdoor clothing and rain protection.
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Out there in the Myanmar wilderness a insect repellent and a whistle for attracting attention would also be a good idea. The whole depends very much on the area and who remote is the outdoor area to travel to, hiking trails, maybe a lake and some small rivers to catch the dinner., so can get a little fishing in too! Camping is not for everyone since you are very close to nature, to bugs running around, mosquitoes and other unpleasant insects, in the north maybe a bear or wolf or other encounter, enjoy a great waterfall, do some rafting or just jump into the ocean and say hello to the fish via scuba diving. Some of the greatest outdoor destinations are waterfalls in particular pond waterfalls where you can explore the different levels of the fall and jump into the waterfall pond at the low level, this is in wild nature or maybe in an outdoor park.

Since camping somehow leads to other outdoor activities such as hunting, fishing, hiking, trekking certain equipment and gear you will probably need such as a hiking backpack, binoculars, camera – video, don’t forget a long zoom. If you are in a group get some walkie talkies and a very important outdoor gear are good shoes. Basics would be a tent, a sleeping bag and an air mattress, this can be extended depending how much you can carry and what comfort you want to have, don't forget a lantern to light the place around.

Outdoor cooking over an open flame needs some cookware, make sure when you buy your cookware its light and has a good quality it will make your camping trip much more enjoyable, if you make camping sites during a Himalaya trekking tour the tour people will take care of everything including cooking, have a good trip !

This outdoor pictures are from northern Myanmar or northern Burma. The mountains there are an extension of the Tibet Himalaya called Myanmar Himalaya. The area is very untouched since the only foreigners every been there were some British soldiers and some Botanists during colonial times. Now the area starts to get some tourists via ecotour which basically are trekking and camping tours. A untouched piece of the world of which are not much left.

One of the main outdoor attractions is mountain climbing to conquer South East Asia's highest peak the Hkakabo Razi and the other icy mountains around.One of the best outdoor destination worldwide is Thailand. Even plenty of scenic parts of the country have been destroyed or changed dramatically there is id plenty of great outdoor nature still there since before it become to late they Thai authorities started with the help of some US National Park Specialists to create large National Parks throughout the country where buildings and streets are banned plus also any commercial activities. This together with the usually friendly nature of Thai people created a pleasant environment for exploring and relaxing.

Most National Parks have plenty of visitors locals and foreigner although the tourists don't know much about the nature of southeast Asia.

In several National parks are huge artificial reservoirs to generate electricity since there is plenty of water around, this reservoirs are a great outdoor destination by

For more click the pics
myanmar mountain trekking

Snowcapped Peaks of Burma

North Myanmar Photos
 The region is mainly populated with larch and other coniferous trees.

The main troublemaker against nature are Chinese and local poachers. An attractive wild  environment together with countless of beautiful waterfalls and wild streams makes it an ideal adventure holiday. Actually, they still have tigers and bears in the jungle.

The whole length of the Salween and Irrawaddy divide for about 300 km north of latitude 26' is covered with high mountains and snow peaks of the Myanmar Himalayas, from here comes the water for the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady).
  1. genuine asean snow
  2. High peaks in the back
  3. mountain trekking
  4. Myanmar river activities
  5. Mountain Elephant
  6. Mountain River
  7. jungle trekking
  8. mountain trekking (2)
  9. Myanmar mountains
  10. Myanmar snow mountains (1)
  11. Myanmar snow mountains
  12. Putao Safari
  13. trecking in north Myanmar
  14. up up and away in Kachine Sate
  15. wild water trekking
  16. mountain tour

Kachin State and the Myanmar Himalaya Mountain

Kachin State in North Myanmar is the northernmost part of Burma featuring still pristine outdoors high mountains of up to 6000 meters and plenty of raw nature at the foothills of the Tibetan Himalayas plus countless Chinese poachers.

From here the famous jadeite jade comes and the local Kachin people have a big problem to defend their country against the Chinese and the Myanmar military here are some of the best still pristine outdoors in Asia.
kachin people


Trekking the Kachin Mountains:

outdoor clothing
In this wilderness you need some outdoor gear and for sure a good a good sleeping bag.

Usually trekking is in groups so someone will carry the camping gear. Kachin State is also home to Chinese "drug lords" who run their own armies who keep others out. From here and Shan State the flood of synthetic drugs is flooding Asia all the way down to Australia.


Outdoor Clothing and Equipment:

Here are the quiet treasures of the east the tranquility and peace without any tourists the last foreigners were some British botanists and soldiers of the English colonial forces of remote outposts the next exotic border post was Fort Hertz which the left at the end of WW2. Now the tourists take over the last frontiers of the Himalayas.

Below is one of the tributaries of the Irrawaddy River they all start small but nobody found the real source of the Irrawaddy until now there are too many sources in the Myanmar Himalayas.

Holidays in Myanmar and brand new idea with an awesome experience in terms of diversity of flora and fauna. Myanmar is about the size of the UK and France together. Stretching from the lofty Tibetan Himalayas to the warm waters of the Andaman Sea. In he south and east Burma borders Thailand and has the Irrawaddy River in the center.

Kachin Tribes are typical mountain people they are tough and stubborn but mainly honest already the British never were able to conquer them as they tried in a similar way to the Karen and Chin.

Unfortunately this days (2018) some US groups of fundamental Christians are trying the same in various areas of Cambodia by using the religion as a bootstrap I hope they leave them alone. Since everywhere the old and new colonialists appear war follows and Christianity is one of the tools.

Myanmar is home of 134 ethnicities among of them are Chin and most ethnic groups have different cultures arts wildlife plants and gemstones. A great vacation experience ready for travelers & tourists.

Tags: Kachin state outdoor clothing and equipment Myanmar outdoor.
Many are living in the north and north west of Myanmar (Burma) in Kachin State at the border to China and India actually this are the eastern extension of the Tibetan Himalaya.

The Myanmar government says yes to all this. With this policy more than 5 million Chinese have settled in the Mandalay region within the last 5 years. The local population has enormous problems and is marginalized because Chinese immigrants are financially much better off and pay higher rents / prices for houses.

This trend is currently everywhere in the ASEAN States to observe so also in Cambodia and Thailand. But regrettably the former Burma is in the dilemma between the Indian masses of people who are rushing into the country via Bangladesh and the Chinese from the north and east trying to populate the country. In fact the Kachin state in the north of the country is ideally suited for that because only sparsely populated in the Myanmar Himalayas and far from any functioning administration.

Myanmar Winter Sport.

Actually Myanmar is the only country in south east Asia ASEAN where a substantial winter sport could be implemented because of the perfect environment and enough people with money in the vicinity who would like that kind of sport and outdoor travel. As an example could be pointed to Singapore Thailand Malaysia and China I sometimes wonder what the people in this Myanmar government actually do beside of useless bla-bla since the country has such a high touristic potential but nobody does anything for development although there is a lot of money in Myanmar especially in the Chinese communities but as long as the government wont start developments and incentives nobody will ever do anything this people are so lazy its a shame.

The Chinese poachers sell the coniferous logs even to Korea all this criminal stuff is made by road trips via China. It's just the same as with the Myanmar Jade. There is less outdoor travel in this part of Myanmar.

They partly destruct the nature in north Myanmar with their hit and run business for quick cash legal or illegal since they just don't care and bribing their way through. Since the Chinese government imposed a logging ban some years ago they moved to other countries such as Myanmar (Burma) and Laos and keep on destructing the nature there.

Himalaya Mountains Myanmar and the Water.

The Zangmu Hydropower Station (below) on the Lhasa (Kyi Chu) River in Tibet. One in five Himalayan rivers have reduced flow in the last several years as China rapidly strips resources. Projects like that are many along the silk road and in the mountains.



















Asia's future is inextricably tied to the Himalayas, the world's tallest mountain range and the source of the continent's major river systems. Yet reckless projects are straining the region's fragile ecosystems resulting in a mounting security threat that extends beyond Asia.

With an elevation range rising dramatically from sea level to almost 6,000 meters in Myanmar / Burma the Himalayas are home to ecosystems ranging from high-altitude alluvial grasslands and subtropical and conifer forests and alpine meadows.

Stretching from Myanmar to the Tibetan watershed of Central Asia, the Himalayas play a central role in driving Asia's hydro-logical cycle and weather and climate patterns, including triggering the annual summer monsoons.

Its 6,000 high-altitude Myanmar glaciers store massive amounts of freshwater and serve in winter as the world's second-largest heat sink after Antarctica thus helping to moderate the global climate. In summer however, the Himalayas turn into a heat source that draws the monsoonal currents from the oceans into the Asian hinterland.


Alternative holiday in south east Asia.

The Himalayas are now subject to accelerated glacial thaw climatic instability, and biodiversity loss. Five rivers originating on the Great Himalayan Massif which are the Yangtze the Indus the Mekong the Salween and the Ganges -- rank among the world's 10 most endangered rivers.

From large-scale dam construction to the care less exploitation of natural resources human activity is clearly to blame for these potentially devastating changes to the Himalayan ecosystems. Although poaching of certain flowers and other plants was slightly reduced with the introduction of hybrid orchids some years ago. While all the countries in the region are culpable to some extent none is doing as much harm as China

.Unfortunately there is far too much nature destruction going on in the ASEAN countries since as visible every tourist travel theme is available in southeast Asia and the Hkakabo Razi is unique in south east Asia.

There are countless treasures in the region that the Chinese migrants are trying to exploit by "straw-men" a good example are the Jadeite Jade mines in Happakant Kachin State.

They are already almost full in Chinese and the local population is resisting the "land-grabbing" but the Chinese have a powerful ally which is the Myanmar military. If you see what they get paid in their normal job that's no wonder.

The high spurs of the Myanmar Himalayas are the perfect retreat to escape the humid hot summer swell of central Myanmar. The British did this with a tour from Mandalay to Shan state's Pin Oo Lwin where the colonialists built the first railway in the country to escape the heat of Central Myanmar. Now the high mountains in northern Myanmar are not easy to climb it has been throughout the colonial period repeatedly the attempt British adventurers to conquer the highest mountain in Myanmar and also to find the sources of the Irrawaddy River which failed. The high mountain region is considered a major retreat for animals and plants blessed with a barely touched nature and attracts more and more tourists since Myanmar opened a few years ago. There are gigantic glaciers in the Myanmar Himalayas including in the area of Hkakabo Razi.


Zangmu Hydropower Station on the Lhasa (Kyi Chu) River in Tibet.
Here are ideal places for outdoor trekking in the winter actually the first who gave some idea about was Mr. Kingdon Ward a British botanist who traveled north Myanmar during colonial times

And dams are just the beginning. The Tibetan Plateau is also the subject of Chinese geoengineering experiments which aim to induce rain in its arid north and northwest.

(Rain in Tibet is concentrated in its Himalayan region.) Such activities threaten to suck moisture from other regions, potentially affecting Asia's monsoons. Ominously, such experiments are an extension of the Chinese military's weather-modification programme. Moreover, China is draining mineral resources from this ecologically fragile but resource-rich plateau without regard for the consequences.



















Already copper mine railings are polluting waters in a Himalayan region sacred to Tibetans, which they call Pemako ("Hidden Lotus Lan "), where the world's highest-altitude major river, the Brahmaputra (Yarlung Tsangpo to Tibetans) curves around the Himalayas before entering India.

Meanwhile China's bottled-water industry is siphoning "premium drinking water" from the Himalayas‘ already-stressed glaciers particularly those in the eastern Himalayas where accelerated melting of snow and ice fields is already conspicuous unsurprisingly this is causing biodiversity loss and impairment of ecosystem services.

The towering Himalayan Highlands particularly Tibet influence the Northern Hemisphere's atmospheric-circulation system which helps to transport warm air from the equator toward the poles, sustaining a variety of climate zones along the way. In other words Himalayan ecosystem impairment will likely affect European and North American climate.

Halting rampant environmental degradation in the Himalayas is now urgent and it is possible only through cooperation among all members of the Himalayan basin community from the lower Mekong River region and China to the countries of southern Asia. To bring about such cooperation, however the entire international community will have to apply pressure to rein in China's reckless environmental impairment, which is by far the greatest source of risk​
best electricity generator in the mountain
Here are ideal places for outdoor trekking in the winter actually the first who gave some idea about was Mr. Kingdon Ward a British botanist who traveled north Myanmar during colonial times

And dams are just the beginning. The Tibetan Plateau is also the subject of Chinese geoengineering experiments which aim to induce rain in its arid north and northwest.

(Rain in Tibet is concentrated in its Himalayan region.) Such activities threaten to suck moisture from other regions, potentially affecting Asia's monsoons. Ominously, such experiments are an extension of the Chinese military's weather-modification programme. Moreover, China is draining mineral resources from this ecologically fragile but resource-rich plateau without regard for the consequences.


Already copper mine railings are polluting waters in a Himalayan region sacred to Tibetans, which they call Pemako ("Hidden Lotus Lan "), where the world's highest-altitude major river the Brahmaputra (Yarlung Tsangpo to Tibetans) curves around the Himalayas before entering India.

Meanwhile China's bottled-water industry is siphoning "premium drinking water" from the Himalayas‘ already-stressed glaciers particularly those in the eastern Himalayas where accelerated melting of snow and ice fields is already conspicuous unsurprisingly this is causing biodiversity loss and impairment of ecosystem services.

The towering Himalayan Highlands particularly Tibet influence the Northern Hemisphere's atmospheric-circulation system which helps to transport warm air from the equator toward the poles, sustaining a variety of climate zones along the way. In other words Himalayan ecosystem impairment will likely affect European and North American climate.

Halting rampant environmental degradation in the Himalayas is now urgent and it is possible only through cooperation among all members of the Himalayan basin community from the lower Mekong River region and China to the countries of southern Asia. To bring about such cooperation, however the entire international community will have to apply pressure to rein in China's reckless environmental impairment, which is by far the greatest source of risk​
Thailand too has has a mountainous landscape in the west and north the highest point is Doi Inthanon with about 2500 meters height west of Chiang Mai.

But that are no real mountain rather taller hills. Thailand's mountains are created of limestone with many surreal soils. An ideal destinations for day trippers making caving tours e.g. at Soppong is the "Coffin Cave" is between Mae Hong Song and Pai. This are alternative mountain holiday in south east Asia.